Spanish 1893 -1983
Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Catalan Spanish painter, sculptor, painter and ceramicist and an integral part of the modernist art movement. In the early 1920s Miró was an active member of the Montparnasse Dada collective and under the in uence of Surrealist poets and writers, he created his unique abstract painting style de ned by a language of colored signs and poetic forms.
André Breton described Miro as « the most surrealist of all of us.» Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as representing the unconscious, the primal and the childlike, as well as a deep manifestation of Catalan pride. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, Miró expressed his contempt for conventional painting methods, seeing them as a way of supporting repressed bourgeois society, and famously declared the «assassination of painting.»
Miró participated in the groundbreaking exhibition “Le Surrealisme” at the Maeght Gallery, Paris in 1947 and would continue to exhibit his work exclusively with the gallery throughout the 20th century. In 1954, Joan Miró won the printmaking prize at the Venice Biennale and later introduced Aimé Maeght to Josep Lluis Sert, the mid-century architect who designed the celebrated Maeght Foundation in Saint Paul which opened in 1964 and for which Miro created illustrations, lithographs, tapestries, murals and monumental sculptures.
A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundacion Joan Miró was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma de Mallorca in 1981.